If you love dogs, then you should also have a right breed, but many people lack knowledge about dog breeding. There are different things that you should know if you want to breed your puppies. First and foremost, it is vital that you know that good dogs usually come from excellent breeders.
Breeding is not all about choosing and controlling the kind of offspring you want from different dogs. Good breeders take into account several aspects including canine health, dog training as well as promoting quality and responsible ownership of the dog. Breeding requires total commitment, and you will realize that everything is manageable.
If you are a beginner to dog breeding, you will notice that the exercise appears challenging at first. However, as you grasp the basic concepts required for successful dog breeding, you will realize that the process is fascinating.
What Is Heat Period For Dogs?
Before the dogs mate, the female one first goes into heat, and this is a period when it is ready to get pregnant. You cannot just wake up and decide to make two dogs mate when the female is off-heat season. When a female dog is on heat, its reproductive cycle is receptive to the males such that they can mate.
There are easy ways to establish if your dog is on heat like a swollen vulva, bleeding and it is more alert than usual. You can notice different behavior changes in your dog due to a shift in hormone balance. She may also initiate some moves that are sexually oriented with other male dogs when they meet. However, it is always good to consult your veterinarian when your dog is now on the heat.
Bitches usually have heat by the time they get 24 months old, and their cycles significantly differ. Ordinary female dogs go through heat cycles every six months meaning that they can get pregnant twice a year. Smaller breed usually experience frequent heat periods often three to four cycles per year.
The heat cycle usually lasts between two and four weeks, and some dogs may be receptive to males during the entire period. When it is over, you will notice that the vulva returns to original size and bleeding stops.
However, it is not advisable to breed your dog during its first and second heat periods. The main reason for this is that the dog is not yet fully mature hence the eggs are also still immature. When you want to breed your dog, your vet will tell you when it is older so that it does not experience any complication.
It usually takes some time for the heat cycle to be regular and some dogs can take as long as eighteen months to have regular heat cycles. You need to keep records of these cycles so that you know the next heat cycle for proper planning of breeding. It is also interesting to note that dogs experience pregnancy throughout their lives but the period between heat cycles will be longer.
How Often Can You Breed A Dog During Heat Cycles?
You should consider the condition of your dog during pregnancy in the first season to determine if it is suitable for breeding. It is also important to recognize her nature of whelping and lactation and the number of puppies to make an informed decision about reproduction.
If your dog has several puppies and it is thin by the time it weans them, its body is not right for breeding. By the time your dog is in heat again, the body still needs to regain healthy weight; therefore, breeding is not recommendable.
You can breed your dog again after its first breeding when its body remains in excellent condition after giving birth to a few puppies. It is crucial to assess every bitch individually if you have plans to breed it again.
There are different types of breeds that you can choose from that include purebred dogs that are expensive and time-consuming. A litter is another type of breed that requires a lot of knowledge about the steps involved in the breeding process.
As a breeder, you need to understand the standard breed, and you can gain valuable information by attending dog events. You can also obtain information about dog breeding through reading literature related to this topic and watching videos about the same. Dog appearance is one of the basic things that you should consider when you want to breed.
When you breed, your goal is to improve the quality of your pet. Therefore, it is imperative to look for a mate that will surely enhance your breed. Before you breed, you need to understand the flaws of your dog against other specimens of its kind. You should ensure that both dogs are AKC when choosing breeding mates.
You also need to know your genetics so that your new breed will not be susceptible to various health conditions. It is also significant to mate dogs that complement each other. Choose a dog that will enhance the weaknesses of your bitch and look for good qualities like an excellent coat. If the jacket of your bitch is not good, then look for a partner with a good coat.
Dog Pregnancy: Basic Things You Should Know
Dog pregnancy is approximately 63 days or two months, and you can notice some physical changes in your animal. Its appetite significantly improves, and you should ensure that it gets good food. Its weight also increases together with the size of the nipples.
Your veterinarian can also conduct abdominal palpation on the 28-day mark to check if your dog is pregnant if it was bred. You should never attempt the palpitation test alone since this requires a vet with specialist knowledge in the field.
Various things happen during this period when the bitch is pregnant. Fertilized eggs begin to develop during the first month of pregnancy, and the vet can detect fetal heartbeat towards its end. In the second month, recognizable puppies develop and the dog is ready to give birth.
There are many things that you should know about dog pregnancy to avoid complications that can prevent it. You should regularly visit your vet to ensure that the dog stays healthy throughout its pregnancy. The vet will also examine the dog for any signs of complications that can affect the birthing process.
A pregnant bitch should always get proper nutrition so that it maintains good health during pregnancy. However, you do not necessarily need to change her diet if she has good weight unless the veterinarian says otherwise. You should also increase her intake in smaller quantities but frequent meals per day since large meals can cause discomfort.
When the bitch enters its second month of pregnancy, you should also start preparing for the puppies. You should consider factors like making a nice, crisp and dry place where your dog can give birth. The area needs to be comfortable since pregnancy can cause discomfort in animals just like human beings.
Caring for The Puppies
When the bitch gives birth, you should keep track of the number of puppies if they correspond with the placentas. The dog does most of the tasks, but you should be ready to take over if it fails to remove the sac membranes from the puppies.
You should make sure that the puppies are staying in a warm environment to keep them comfortable. The temperature should be between 85 and 90 degrees during the first five days, and you can gradually lower it as they grow up. During their fourth week, you can leave the puppies to roam around to other places.
The other very important thing you should take into account pertains to nursing. You should make sure that each puppy ingests the first milk called colostrums that is produced by the bitch. This milk has vital substances that are good to the health of the puppy such as immunoglobulins. The component helps to protect the puppy from infectious diseases of which the mother is usually immune.
You should also nurse the bitch after whelping to avoid issues such as canine mastitis though they are not very common. This condition involves breast infection, and it results in red, painful when touched or dark breasts. Immediately contact your vet once you notice these symptoms on your bitch. The condition may be caused by weaning the puppies too early.
Some bitches usually lose appetite after weaning, but their taste can peak again after about three weeks. Make sure that it gets adequate Vitamin D, phosphorous and calcium during this period. More importantly, you should also check that the bitch’s weight is not different between the whelping and breeding periods.
In case of an orphaned puppy or the mother cannot feed it, consider commercial puppy formula instead of cow milk. Follow the instructions closely, and you can gradually increase the recipe as the puppy grows but not very much. Puppies overgrow so you should weigh them daily to maintain the right quantity of formula.
Training The Puppies
As a good breeder, you should ensure that your puppy gets sufficient training from a tender age. You need to observe your puppy’s weaknesses so that you can develop them. You can walk the puppy in the park and expose it to various exercises so that it can maintain good health.
Source: Staten Island Advance
Registering Your Litter
It is essential that you register your litters with American Kennel Club (AKC) to ensure that they meet the breed standards. You get a registration certificate for each puppy, and they can be eligible to compete in different AKC sports and events.
Registering the puppies is also significant since it helps to create a record of your place as well as the breeding program. The new owners of the puppies can use this information for a various purpose related to caring for the puppies. The registration process is simple, and you can do it online.
As a good breeder, you must ensure that the puppies go to owners with good homes to maintain your credibility in breeding. You must also share all the information about your breed with new owners so that they know their weaknesses and strengths. Such information is vital for caring for the puppy.
The other important thing is that you should be ready to provide ownership details to the new owners of the puppy. One good thing about this information is that the new owners can track the medical record of the puppy so that they can maintain it. The owners can also contact you for information they may require about the breed.
If you intend to become a breeder, the significant thing you should remember is that the task requires full responsibility. It does not only start with selecting the breed then ends with weaning the puppy then surrendering it to the new owners. Good breeders are devoted to breeding quality breeds while upholding AKC’s standard expectations.
Top Breeds In America
There are about 190 breeds in America and the following ten top the list according to AKC’s rankings for 2017.
|Breed||Height (Inches)||Weight (Pounds)||Life Expectancy||Group|
|Retrievers (Labrador)||22.5-24.5(male) & 21.5-23.5 (female)||65-80 (male) & 55-70 (female)||10 – 12 years||Sporting Group|
|German Shepherd Dogs|
|24-26 (male) & 22-24 (female)||65-90 pounds & 50-70 (female)||7-10 Years||Herding Group|
|23-24 (male) &, 21.5-22.5 (female)||65-75 (male) & 55-65(female)||10-12 years||Sporting Group|
|11-13 inches||under 28 pounds||10-12 years||Non-sporting group|
|14-15 Inches||50 male & 40 female||8-10 years||Non-Sporting Group|
|10-15 (miniature) & over 15 (standard)||10-15 (miniature) 60-70 (male standard) & 40-50 (female standard)||10-18 years||Non Sporting|
|13 & below, 13-15 inches||under 20 (13 inches & under) & 20-30 (13-15 inches)||10-15 years||Hound Group|
|24-27 (male) & 22-25 (female)||95-135 (male) & 80-100 (female)||9-10 years||Working Group|
|7-8 inches||7 pounds||11-15 years||Toy Group|
|Pointers (German Shorthaired)|
|23-25 (male) & 21-23 (female)||55-70 (male) & 45-60 (female)||10-12 years||Sporting Group|