The Border Terrier is the small, rough-coated breed of dog in the Terrier group. They are characterized by their conspicuously broad skulls with short and sharp muzzles. Border Terrier training is started in the first 3-4 months. They have V-shaped ears on the side of their heads that droop towards their cheeks.
They have moderately short tails which are thick at the base and taper toward the tip. A fully grown Border Terrier has a height of about 13-16 inches and weighs between 12 to 16 pounds. The life expectancy of this breed of dog is between 13 to 15 years.
The Border Terrier, developed in the 18th century, was originally bred on the border between England and Scotland by farmers specifically to keep foxes, mice, and rats away. Their long, narrow, and flexible bodies are suited for squeezing through narrow dens and channels to reach a quarry.
Their implacable and fearless traits also made them beloved by farmers, and always had the will to take on the toughest of prey. They were also to run alongside hunters on horses in pursuit of foxhounds until they found the fox. At this time, the Border Terrier would roust it out of its den.
Border Terrier Training Traits
The Border Terrier is an intelligent breed of dog that is always ready to learn, and besides, it is very energetic and loves working. Start training your Border Terrier puppy from the time you bring him home. Even at an early age of about eight weeks, he is capable of learning everything you teach him.
They are considered to be very sensitive to noise, voice, and touch. Therefore, their training should involve the use of a calm and gentle authoritative tone of voice. Always use your hands to compliment him whenever he does well as this will make him do it again, even in the future.
Border terriers are very affectionate, sensitive, and naïve but never stupid. They also have very long memories and are not easy to forget what they have learned. Always be consistent with the commands you use for regular activities without any deviation.
Never use any form of physical punishment while training your Terrier, this will make him timid and fearful. Instead, use active correction techniques such as ignoring any unwanted behavior and denying him any treats. Remember, Border Terriers thrive well when offered constant, loving interaction with their owners.
Like his distinctive look, the Border terrier’s personality is also distinct. When it comes to vermin, the Terrier becomes agitated and aggressive, always wanting to go after them. Perhaps these explain why it was initially bred for this purpose, chasing foxes and other small underground animals.
However, a Border is a more malleable dog among the other Terrier breeds. He has naturally been bred to run peacefully with foxhounds. Therefore, he can usually get along well with other dogs and does not show any signs of aggression toward them.
The Border Terrier is a strong, active dog who loves to explore around. If you are looking for a part-time dog or one to just keep in your kennel, then the Border is not your choice. They were bred to think for themselves which is the most endearing trait they have.
Common Health Problems
Like any other dog breed, some health issues may arise in their lives. But most Border Terriers are usually healthy as long as they are well taken care of. Some common health issues affecting Border Terriers are genetically related, meaning they have been inherited from their parents. Health issues are a result of poor breeding practices by irresponsible breeders.
The most breed-associated health problem that affects the Borders is the canine epileptoid cramping syndrome CECS, a seizure disorder that is not epilepsy. Some other health problems are environmentally related, for example, not raising your Border Terrier in all the right ways.
Coat And Grooming
The border’s body coat consists of two layers, one undercoat that is short and dense and another wiry top coat. The jacket comes in different shades of colors which include grizzle and tan, red, wheaten and blue, and cream. A Border is usually a naturally-appearing breed. And all he requires for a healthy coat is brushing and combing weekly. Any other grooming that needs a pair of scissors is just for tidying up their natural appearance.