Dog Breeding such as a Border Terrier can be both an exciting and a rewarding adventure, however, becoming a breeder is not a minor undertaking. It is time-consuming, costly and at times heartbreaking.
To be a responsible breeder of a Border Terrier, you should be able to accommodate the significant impact it will have on you as well as that of your family. Your primary goal of breeding should always be geared towards preserving and improving the quality of the breed and not just increasing their numbers.
To be an effective breeder, equip yourself with sufficient knowledge on the science of genetics. Everything about your Border Terrier puppies such as looks, temperament, and health all depends on genes passed on from the previous generations. You should be aware that, generally dogs are prone to hereditary defects of which some can be crippling and fatal.
Whenever you decide to breed your Border Terrier, consider responsibility for the potential litter to be born as well as the responsibility to the eventual owners of which your dogs will be a part of. As a responsible owner, take the time to learn everything about your Border Terrier and know the advantages and disadvantages of ownership.
Be in a position to share the same information with your potential puppy owners. It is also your responsibility to ensure that once the puppies are born, they should go to owners who will be devoted to taking good care of them as well as showing love. Always ensure you carefully screen and evaluate your puppy’s potential owner.
Socialize Your Border Terrier
A Border Terrier is an energetic dog that is always ready for action. Therefore, they need a particular amount of exercise as well as mental stimulation. They are also known to spend most of their time playing, jumping, and investigating.
To grow your Terrier into a good dog, socialize with your puppies and let them interact with people and other dogs as this is essential to their development. Any good breeder should consider their ability to provide adequate socialization to their puppies long before planning to breed.
Pick A Suitable Mate For Dog Breeding
When selecting the size for your Terrier dam, the rule of thumb is always to choose to mate animals that complement each other. The dog for your bitch should possess a bloodline that will strengthen her weaknesses and improve on her good qualities.
The very important factors you should consider in your selection are health and temperament. Never breed your bitch with a dog with questionable temperament as this is always considered a hereditary trait in dogs.
Perform Pre-Breeding Health Checks
To produce the best offspring, it is important to perform pre-breeding checks on both parents. Regular veterinary checks, screening for any genetic problems and offering her exercises is very important. Another health-related issue of concern is the breeding age of your Terrier bitch.
The heat cycle starts at an age of six to eight months and subsequent seasons occurs after about every six months. However, it is advisable to breed her after the third or the fourth heat cycle. At this point, the bitch will be mature enough to carry a litter to full term comfortably without any eventual health problem issues arising. It is also not a good idea to breed your bitch on every consecutive heat cycle. This will give her a good time span to recuperate and recover from the previous pregnancy.
Pregnancy And Whelping
The gestation period for your Border Terrier will last for approximately 63 days from the time she has successfully been mated. At this time your bitch will show signs of an increase in weight, increase in appetite and her nipple size will increase. You can always seek a veterinarian advice and once pregnancy is confirmed let him guide you on the special feeding requirements for your bitch.
Whelping refers to the process of your dog giving birth to her young ones. It is a good idea to accustom your pregnant bitch to a whelping box long before she whelps. If you don’t do this early enough, your bitch may choose your closet or any other inappropriate place for whelping. Make your whelping box dry, warm, quiet and daft-free. It should also be located in an environment away from other dogs as much as possible.
Just before the whelping occurs, your bitch’s body temperature will slightly drop. To about 99o from the usual normal temperature of about 100o-102.5o. Approximately after 24 hours, she enters her first stage of labor. Where at this time she will appear restless, show signs of panting and strain. After that delivery, stage follows where each puppy emerges with its own placental membrane. The bitch by instinct tears off the membrane to free the puppy and to let it breathe.
After your bitch has successfully undergone the whelping period, ensure you take good care of her. Often at times, some bitches may experience small appetite tendencies, but this should not be a cause to worry about. The bitch will gradually regain her appetite in three weeks from the time of whelping. Note that she will need two to three times more food than her regular ration.
The young puppies will also need your care to ensure that they are in a warm environment. Because at this point they cannot control their body temperatures. A cold environment is stressful to your litter and may pose a health hazard to them. Suppose your puppies become orphaned because of their mother either being unable to feed them or rejects them. Then you should hand-feed them. Cow milk is a substitute for bitch’s milk since it contains all desired nutrients necessary for your puppies’ growth.
Register Your Puppies
Another step to take as a responsible breeder is to register your puppies with a kennel club in your country. Registration will help provide a place in the history of your breeding program. It is important For you to present buyers of your puppies a registration application at the time selling the puppy.